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PHP stream_filter_register() function (with example)

Hey everyone,

I hope you're doing well. I have been diving into PHP recently and came across the `stream_filter_register()` function. I have read the official PHP documentation about it, but I'm still not quite clear on how to use it properly. I was hoping someone here could provide me with a clear explanation and maybe even an example.

I understand that `stream_filter_register()` is used to register a custom stream filter, but I'm struggling to comprehend its practical use cases and how it fits into actual code. It seems like a powerful function, but I want to make sure I fully grasp its concepts before trying to implement it.

So, if anyone could shed some light on this, or perhaps provide an example to demonstrate `stream_filter_register()` in action, I would greatly appreciate it. It would really help me understand how to use this function effectively in my PHP projects.

Thank you so much in advance for your time and assistance.

Best regards,
[Your Name]

All Replies


Hey folks,

I stumbled upon this thread and wanted to share my personal experience with `stream_filter_register()`. Although it hasn't been extensively covered yet, I found it quite useful in a different context.

In a recent project, I was working on a web application that involved processing large XML files. One of the requirements was to extract specific data elements from these files while ignoring any sensitive information. This is where the `stream_filter_register()` function came to the rescue.

Instead of parsing the entire XML file and manually filtering out the sensitive data, I opted to create a custom stream filter that would automatically remove the unwanted elements as the data was being read from the file.

Here's a simplified version of the code I used:

function removeSensitiveData($in, $out, &$consumed, $closing)
while ($bucket = stream_bucket_make_writeable($in)) {
// Apply custom logic to sanitize the XML data
$bucket->data = preg_replace("/<sensitive>(.*?)<\/sensitive>/", '', $bucket->data);
$consumed += $bucket->datalen;
stream_bucket_append($out, $bucket);
return PSFS_PASS_ON;

stream_filter_register('remove_sensitive_data', 'removeSensitiveData');

Once my custom filter was registered, I could easily apply it to any XML file stream using `stream_filter_append()`:

$stream = fopen('large_file.xml', 'r');
stream_filter_append($stream, 'remove_sensitive_data');

The filter function `removeSensitiveData()` used a regular expression to search for any XML elements containing sensitive data and remove them from the stream. This allowed me to extract only the relevant information without worrying about exposing any confidential details.

Using `stream_filter_register()` in this manner saved me a lot of manual effort and made the code more modular and reusable.

I hope my experience sheds some light on another practical use case for `stream_filter_register()`. If you have any questions or need further clarification, feel free to ask!

[Your Name]


Hey there!

I've actually used `stream_filter_register()` in one of my PHP projects, so I thought I'd share my experience.

In one particular project, I was dealing with large CSV files that needed to be processed. However, the files had inconsistent line endings, which caused parsing issues. After some research, I discovered that I could use `stream_filter_register()` to create a custom stream filter to normalize the line endings.

Here's how I implemented it:

First, I registered my custom stream filter using `stream_filter_register()`, providing it with a unique filter name and the callback function that would perform the line ending normalization. For example:

function normalizeLineEndings($in, $out, &$consumed, $closing)
while ($bucket = stream_bucket_make_writeable($in)) {
$bucket->data = str_replace("\r\n", "\n", $bucket->data);
$consumed += $bucket->datalen;
stream_bucket_append($out, $bucket);
return PSFS_PASS_ON;

stream_filter_register('normalize_line_endings', 'normalizeLineEndings');

Once the custom stream filter was registered, I could then apply it to a stream resource using `stream_filter_append()`. In my case, I used it to normalize the line endings as I read the CSV file:

$stream = fopen('large_file.csv', 'r');
stream_filter_append($stream, 'normalize_line_endings');

After applying the filter, I was able to read the stream and process the CSV data without worrying about inconsistent line endings causing parsing difficulties.

I found `stream_filter_register()` particularly handy in scenarios where I needed to manipulate or transform data being read from or written to streams. It allowed me to create custom filters that seamlessly integrated into my stream operations.

I hope this example helps illustrate how `stream_filter_register()` can be used practically. Feel free to ask if you have any further questions!

Best regards,
[Your Name]

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