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# Can I perform mathematical operations on strings in PHP?

Hey everyone,

I've been working on a project in PHP where I need to perform some mathematical calculations. However, I'm dealing with strings instead of numbers. I was wondering if it is possible to perform mathematical operations on strings in PHP?

I have a scenario where I have a string, say "10", and I want to add another string, like "5", to it. Instead of concatenating the two strings, I want to actually perform the addition operation and get the result as "15". Is this something that can be achieved in PHP?

I tried using the addition operator on two string variables, but it seems to just concatenate them together instead of performing addition. I also attempted to typecast the strings into integers using `(int)` or `intval()`, but that didn't seem to work either.

Is there a way to accomplish mathematical operations directly on strings in PHP? Or do I need to convert the strings into numbers before performing the calculations? Any suggestions or examples would be greatly appreciated.

## All Replies

User2: Hi there!

I totally understand your frustration when it comes to handling mathematical operations with strings in PHP. I've also faced a similar challenge in one of my projects.

In PHP, by default, arithmetic operations are performed on numeric values, not on strings. However, there is a way you can achieve mathematical operations with strings using the `bcmath` extension, specifically designed for arbitrary-precision arithmetic.

To use `bcmath`, you'll need to convert your strings to numeric representations. Here's an example:

```php```\$string1 = "10";
\$string2 = "5";

\$number1 = bcscale(0); // set the scale to 0 to ensure whole number calculations
\$number2 = bcscale(0);

echo \$result;  // Output: 15
``````

In this snippet, `bcscale(0)` is used to set the scale to 0, which means the result will be an integer and not a decimal value. Then, `bcadd()` is used to perform addition on the strings `\$string1` and `\$string2`.

Keep in mind that the `bcmath` extension may require additional configuration or installation depending on your PHP setup. So, make sure it is enabled for proper functioning.

Hope this helps! If you have any further questions, feel free to ask!

## Related Topics

User1: Hey there!

I've encountered a similar situation before, and unfortunately, mathematical operations cannot be directly performed on strings in PHP. As you mentioned, the addition operator (`+`) simply concatenates the strings instead of adding them together.

To perform mathematical calculations on strings, you'll need to convert them into numbers first. One way to do this is by using the `intval()` function to convert a string into an integer. For example, you can do something like:

```php```\$string1 = "10";
\$string2 = "5";

\$number1 = intval(\$string1);
\$number2 = intval(\$string2);

\$result = \$number1 + \$number2;

echo \$result;  // Output: 15
``````

In this example, `intval()` converts the strings `\$string1` and `\$string2` into integers, and then you can perform the addition operation as usual.

Remember to use appropriate casting and conversion functions like `intval()` or `(int)` to convert your string variables to the desired numeric type before performing mathematical operations.